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FOOD AND PANTRY PESTS /FOOD INVADING BUGS
these flying moths in my kitchen?
Indian meal moths are the most common.
They are small, about 5/8 of an inch..
Light, grayish brown, with two light bands across each forewing and uniformly gray hind wings.
Females lay about 100 eggs.
They spin a pupal cocoon.
Sometimes people see what looks like maggots crawling around just before they hatch into moths.
They invade cereal, flour, nuts, seeds, etc.
What are these little round bugs all over my kitchen?
They could be:
drug store beetles
Khapra Beetle, Trogoderma granarium (Dermestidae)
(Another stage of carpet beetle)
common kitchen bug is the drug store beetle.
All are little round bugs that get into food.
Dull, reddish-brown, cylindrical beetle, 1/10 inch long, sometimes with a long snout and elbowed antennae.
The can have well developed wings and a be strong flier.
They invade food.
Sometimes hidden sources are a mouse nest in the wall or under cabinet where pet food was stored by the mice.
What are these little bugs in my carpet?
See carpet beetles/ They come in a variety of stages. But people usually complain of these little bugs on the floor throughout the house.
Detecting Moth Damage
Moths digest keratin, the "hard" protein of which hair, horns, nails, claws, hoofs, feathers, and scales of reptiles, birds, and mammals are formed. All of these make up natural clothing that we wear. Moths also attack a wide variety of other natural materials and even some synthetic ones. they often use paper, starch, cotton or silk to build cocoons.
It is the larvae of clothes moths that attack fabrics. In the house, they feed on wool, hair, or feather products wherever they have access to them. Clothing, carpets, furs, blankets, upholstery, piano felts, brush bristles, and lots of other items are subject to their attack. They also feed on synthetic fabrics and fabrics from botanical sources if they are mixed with wool. The larval stage lasts for one to three months.
Clothes moths dislike direct sunlight. Moths cannot complete their normal life cycle on clean, processed wool. It must be contaminated with some nutritional supplement such as food, beverage, sweat or urine stains. Such stains provide the proteins, the mineral salts and the vitamin B complex essential to the moth.
Clothes moth larvae chew holes in fabrics. The holes appear to be scattered about the garment and are generally small. (Carpet-beetle holes, on the other hand, usually seem to be concentrated in a few areas and can be quite large.)
Clothes moth larvae prefer to feed in protected locations such as under collars, inside hems, on the backside, or in cracks at the edges of woolen carpets, under furniture, and inside storage containers.
We use a combination of two methods. Pheromone traps and IGRís.
What is a IGR?
Insect Growth Regulators (IGR's).
It works by disrupting the growth and development processes specific to insects.
It causes sterilization of adult insects.
The active ingredient is Hydroprene.